The Learned Eye: Regarding Art, Theory, and the Artist's Reputation

The ‘learned eye’ or oculus eruditus was once an idea utilized by seventeenth-century writers on portray. It illustrated their view that the appropriate artist was once not just expert in portray strategies, but additionally had wisdom of the historical past of paintings and an curiosity in poetry and literature.

In this e-book, devoted to Rembrandt student Ernst van de Wetering, the ‘learned eye’ refers back to the skilled eye of the artwork historian, the curator, or the restorer. extra in particular, the idea that explains a subject important to figuring out seventeenth-century artwork and its context: the artist’s drawback with the highbrow and social prestige of his occupation. The ebook comprises contributions on Rembrandt, Van Dyck, Frans Hals, Poussin and others, all associated via the topic of the ‘learned eye’, concentrating on studio perform, thought of artwork, or the advance of the artist's self-image.

These subject matters replicate the scope of study and educating of Ernst van de Wetering who first informed as an artist earlier than turning into an artwork historian. considering 1987 he has been professor of artwork background on the college of Amsterdam, and, for greater than ten years, the inspiring chief of the Rembrandt learn Project.

The significance of beginning with the paintings item itself is a well-known idea to an individual who has attended the lectures of Ernst van de Wetering, whose personal familiarity with the painter’s craft, with Rembrandt’s studio perform, and the background of paintings has ‘opened the eyes’ of many.

This ebook brings jointly essays via a few of Van de Wetering’s scholars, colleagues and buddies, who have been motivated in numerous methods via his method of the paintings of portray. The members contact on 4 major concerns. the 1st issues fabric elements of the murals. moment, those findings are faced with the principles of paintings that have been recorded by way of contemporaries. 3rd, the ‘learned eye’ figures as a part of the artists’ wish to improve the prestige in their occupation. The fourth factor situates portray in its context of consumers and artwork fanatics, who desired to examine the fundamental rules of portray and acquire ‘eruditos oculos’ themselves.

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Gilding used to be performed on a wide 24 the discovered eye boek The discovered Eye V5 09-02-2005 16:50 Pagina 25 scale. (Stone) sculptures, painted tapestries and different ornamental parts have been in part gilded. Making polychrome and gilded stone sculpted and flat adorns right into a solidarity used to be simplest performed via first giving them a flat floor color. for that reason the major to the purple floor, within the Netherlands, as in different components of Europe, needs to lie within the means of gilding. the applying of gold leaf, and as a result using pink, may stem from the manufacture of items possible distant from easel work, particularly items made up of steel.

A print used to be made by means of Richard Cooper, which has a long inscription, settling on the scene and many of the individuals. As this print appears infrequent – the Ashmolean’s Sutherland assortment that's so wealthy in 17th century English published pix doesn't have one, even if the British Museum does – it truly is worthy quoting Cooper’s description at a few size: ‘The Sovereign, King Charles the 1st, with the Globe and Scepter less than a cover, supported by means of 4 gents, and his teach borne up via younger Noblemen.

18 the belief we will be able to draw from those concepts is that, while portray partitions, stone sculptures et cetera, pink lead used to be further to the oil to augment its drying houses and crimson earth was once used for low-cost purposes. From the fourteenth century onwards using a pink preparatory layer had turn into culture, ordinarily a rule-of-thumb procedure. in addition, in early days painters like Ulricus Liebaert and Jacobus van Rietvelt, who painted the ‘Dom sculptures’, have been most likely no longer ‘painters’ in our feel of the note.

Rotterdam 1678), Münster 2002, esp. pp. 208-209, 222-225. Van Hoogstraten compares portray to the several liberal arts, between which rhetoric, Inl. p. 346; he compares composition in rhetoric and portray on pp. 190-191. Van Hoogstraten refers in his Inleyding to a number of of Cicero’s works, between whom Orator, De Oratore, De Officiis, Tusculanae Disputationes, and to Quintilian’s Institutio Oratoriae; but additionally to the Orationes of the Greek rhetorician Dio Chrysostom (1st c. AD). Van Hoogstraten refers within the Inleyding, p.

Thieme & F. Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (37 vols. ), Leipzig 1907-1950, vol. 28, p. 1934. four Eva Samankova, ‘Ueber die anfänge der Tschechischen Renaissance-architectur’, Acta (1907), pp. 115-122. five Götz Fehr, Benedikt Ried, München 1961, p. sixty nine; Fehr mentions anecdotes approximately Ried that have been recorded lengthy after the development master’s loss of life, pp. 78-79. 6 Fehr, Benedikt Ried (see word 5), pp. 72-76. 7 Martin Warnke, Hofkünstler, zur vorgeschichte des modernen Künstlers, Köln 1985.

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